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Research in Western American Literature: 1998-99

Compiled by Jan Roush, Utah State University

A year, a century, and a millenium have ended since this column last appeared, and as we enter a new era, it is even more poignant to note where Western American literature as a discipline is headed. I realize that it may be a bit presumptuous to hard-nosed advocates of “the canon” to assert western American literature’s role as a viable discipline in light of a millenium of study. My argument, however, is based not on longevity but rather on sheer energy and creativity—the stuff that all new frontiers, be they geographic or intellectual, are founded on. The fact that the last four decades of the previous century and millenium saw a tremendous growth in the discipline, in breadth as well as depth, augers well for its continuing viability in this one. A look at the research currently being undertaken by budding scholars in the field supports this assertion as well.

Over the past year, a total of 231 studies were completed in areas related to western American literature, not all in literature per se but all enhancing knowledge in the field—hence the breadth as well as the depth. I have noted before that research in the early days of the discipline  tended to focus either on individual authors in the field or attempts to establish a theoretical basis for such a discipline. I have also documented the tremendous growth in research in the field from fewer than twenty studies a year to almost twelve times that many in less than half a century’s time. This past year’s research underscores once again the viability and vitality of the field.

Over a number of years of assessing the nature of such research, one develops an instinct of what studies are most likely to add to the overall knowledge in the field. That’s not to say that at times I might miss some vital area, some nugget that might have a significant impact, though I try to be as thorough as possible. And I worry sometimes that my own rather esoteric “take” on things might be coloring the results since I am admittedly very interdisciplinary in my approach.  But I see that interdisciplinary approach as a sign of the times, in all areas of knowledge but especially in western American literature. Increasingly there is an interest in the West as a region, not just in the present but also in an investigation and reassessment of the past as well as a projection into the future. And that interest is reflected in the research that is being done not only in literature but in anthropology and archaeology, in history and geography, in visual media. Moreover, it crosses borders as well—not just the obvious, external borders to the north and the south, but also the subtle, interior borders less easily assessed. That’s what the research, and especially this year’s research, suggests. If I had to pick one characteristic to define where research in western American literature stands at the beginning of a new millenium, it would be interdisciplinary. Let me demonstrate why.

The following table indicates the diversity I have been noting in the field. Though it tabulates just this past year’s research, it does reflect the growing interdisciplinary trend over the past few years.
 

DISCIPLINE MA/MS  Ph.D./Ed.D./D.A.
American Literature 7 84
American Studies 8
Anthropology/Archaeology 3
Art History 3 2
Canadian History 2
Canadian Literature 7
Canadian Studies 3
Cinema 3
Comparative Literature 1 9
Cultural Anthropology 6 20
Geography 1
Linguistics 2 1
Modern Literature 3 5
Rhetoric & Composition 3
Theater 2
United States History 7 48
Women’s History 1

Within this interdisciplinary overview, just how does the research break down and what trends can be noted are questions well worth asking. The first and by far the most significant trend, I would say, is the overwhelming number of studies across all disciplines on Native American issues: race, empire, gambling, nuclear waste, urbanization, artifact collecting, language retention, NAGPR, to name just a few. There are also a significant number of studies that focus either entirely or partially on Native American authors, mostly contemporary ones but some traditional or historical figures like Mourning Dove, Sarah Winnemucca Hopkins, and Ella Deloria. In fact, a quick look at the individual authors studied reveals just how significant this interest in Native American studies is. The top four individual authors mentioned in the research are Willa Cather (13 studies), Louise Erdrich (12), Mark Twain (9), and Leslie Silko (8). Considering that both Cather and Twain have been the top listed authors studied practically from the beginnings of the discipline, I find it significant that Erdrich and Silko are so close to the top.  In all, sixteen different Native American authors formed at least a portion of individual research studies. Interestingly, I might note here the re-appearance of some old standbys that haven’t appeared much in recent years: Steinbeck, London, Mari Sandoz, and Owen Wister, to name a few. But the overwhelming majority reflects the continuing diversity as there are also a significant number of studies focusing on Asian American and Chicana/o authors, especially Maxine Hong Kingston, Amy Tan, and Gloria Anzaldúa.

In addition to an emphasis on Native American topics, there is a continuing interest in landscape, sense of place, and/or environmental issues, several of these incorporating Native American angles in their analysis. Major authors mentioned in these include Ed Abbey, Wendell Berry, and Mary Austin. An interesting new trend I noticed is the inclusion of popular culture figures: the popular western in both film and fiction, detective fiction, and historical romance. Tony Hillerman, James Crumley, Raymond Chandler, Elmer Kelton, Rosanne Bitner, Anthony Mann and John Ford were just some of the figures studied as well as some studies that attempted to define the genre like “Uncovering the Western: The Politics of Rootedness in Twentieth Century Western American Writing.”

This interdisciplinary nature, this willingness to reach out and embrace research in other areas to enhance the knowledge of one’s own field is what I see defining research in western American literature at the beginning of a new millenium. In the research of the past several years, I find us becoming more thoughtful, more searching in our definitions of who we are, reflected by an increasing number of studies with an anthropological bent: autobiography, ethnography, even personal essays. And that is appropriate, I think, as we cross over into a new frontier that brings with it new challenges, new alliances, and new definitions of just who we are.

[Abbreviations used: AU=author, TI=title, IN=institution] 

COMPLETED MASTERS THESES (TOTAL: 43)

AMERICAN LITERATURE (7)

AU: Cruthirds, Rachel Brim.
TI: The Creation of Self-Identity in Native American Autobiography.
IN: M.A., University of Houston—Clear Lake, 1998.

AU: Fullerton, Sean Patrick.
TI: Trickster Changer: Louise Erdrich’s Polymorphous Trickster Tales.
IN: M.A., University of Alaska Anchorage, 1998.

AU: Ledwell, Patrick Joseph.
TI: How the West Was Won: Hackneyed Frontier Tropes and Artistic Successes in Mark Twain’s Roughing It.
IN: M.A., Central Missouri State University, 1998.

AU: Liddy, Brian D.
TI: Authority in James Fenimore Cooper’s The Leatherstocking Tales.
IN: M.A., Boston College, 1999.

AU: Potts, Henry M.
TI: Native American Values and Traditions and the Novel: Ambivalence Shall Speak the Story.
IN: M.A., McGill University (Canada), 1997.

AU: Ratt, Solomon.
TI: Continuing Trickster Storytelling: The Trickster Protagonists of Three Contemporary Indian Narratives.
IN: M.A., University of Regina (Canada), 1997.

AU: Sauer, Lara Mark.
TI: Writing “Kinography”: Narrating the Self through Family and Kin in The Woman Warriorand Disappearing Moon Cafe.
IN: M.A., University of Toronto (Canada), 1998.
 

ART HISTORY (3)

AU: Fry, Aaron.
TI: The Northern Traditional Powwow Clothing Style and the United States Postal Service: A Study in Conflicted Meanings.
IN: M.A., University of New Mexico, 1999.

AU: Marple, Charity Honor Karen.
TI: Agents of Change: New Architectural Process in British Columbia First Nations Schools.
IN: M.A., Carleton University (Canada), 1998.

AU: Powell, Chandra A.
TI: A Study of James Earle Fraser’s “End of the Trail”: A New Interpretation for the Image of the Defeated Native American.
IN: M.L.A., Oklahoma City University, 1998.
 

CANADIAN HISTORY (2)

AU: Liverant, Bettina.
TI: Patterns on the Land: Themes of Order and Wildness in Planning, Calgary, 1869 to 1966.
IN: M.A., University of Calgary, 1998.

AU: Nestor, Robert James.
TI: Hayter Reed, Severalty, and the Subdivision of Indian Reserves on the Canadian Prairies.
IN: M.A., University of Regina (Canada), 1997.
 

CANADIAN LITERATURE (7)

AU: Denomy, Jennifer Marie.
TI: Secrets, Silence and Family Narrative: Joy Kogawa’s Obasan and Sky Lee’s Disappearing Moon Cafe. 
IN: M.A., McGill University (Canada), 1997.

AU: Harman, Deborah C.
TI: Constructing Canons, Creating Canadians: An Examination of Canadian Fiction on High School Curricula.
IN: M.A., Dalhousie University (Canada), 1998.

AU: Hossack, Andrea Claire.
TI: The Aesthetics of Longing: Women Writing Landscape.
IN: M.A., Carleton University (Canada), 1999.

AU: McKay, Christina Alison Sarah.
TI: “And That One Takes a Big Bite of One of Those Nice Red Apples”: Portraits of Native Women in Thomas King’s Green Grass, Running Water,and Medicine River. 
IN: M.A., Dalhousie University (Canada), 1998.

AU: Finlayson, Carolyn Janene.
TI: “The Habit of Close Observation”: An Ecocritical Investigation of Catharine Parr Traill’s Nature Writing in Studies of Plant Life in Canada.
IN: M.A., University of Western Ontario (Canada), 1998.

AU: Grieve, Meghan.
TI: Writing Women’s Lives: The Fictional Aesthetic of Alice Munro.
IN: M.A., Lakehead University (Canada), 1998.

AU: Rice, Daniel Grantland.
TI: Tweahia:ton tipaacimowin.  Two Stories Seen Intertribally: The First Novels of Ruby Slipperjack and Thomas King.
IN: M.A., Lakehead University (Canada), 1997.
 

CANADIAN STUDIES (3)

AU: Balazs, Shanna Kristen.
TI: Aboriginal Involvement within Selected Canadian Museums: Developing a Model for the Canadian Canoe Museum.
IN: M.A., Trent University (Canada), 1998.

AU: Chorney, Noelle.
TI: The Political Power of Place: A Case Study of Political Identity in Prairie Literature.
IN: M.A., University of Calgary (Canada), 1997.

AU: Dunlop, Heather.
TI: The Role and Image of Wilderness and the Aborigine in Selected Ontarian Shield Camps.
IN: M.A., Trent University (Canada), 1998.
 

COMPARATIVE LITERATURE (1)

AU: Bavington, Grace Ann.
TI: Buchi Emecheta and Ruby Slipperjack: Writing in the Margins to Create Home. [Discusses Ojibway writer Ruby Slipperjack and Ibo writer Buchi Emecheta in terms of their autobiographical fiction.]
IN: M.A., Memorial University of Newfoundland (Canada), 1998.
 

CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY (6)

AU: Degnen, Cathrine. 
TI: Healing Sheshatshit: Innu Identity and Community Healing.
IN: M.A., McGill University (Canada), 1997.

AU: Hart, Elisa Jane.
TI: Getting Started in Oral Traditions Research: A Case Study in Applied Anthropology in the Northwest Territories.
IN: M.A., University of Manitoba (Canada), 1998.

AU: Hill, Steward Lloyd.
TI: Fox Lake First Nation Land Use and Occupancy: Living Memory of the Fox Lake Cree.
IN: M.N.R.M, University of Manitoba (Canada), 1993.

AU: Little, Margo D.
TI: The Moral Dilemma of High-Stakes Gambling in Native Communities.
IN: M.A., Laurentian University of Sudbury (Canada), 1997.

AU: Papin, Kristine Croisant.
TI: Walking in the Rainbow of Recovery: Navajo Tradition, the Twelve-Steps and the Culture of Recovery.
IN: M.A., Prescott College, 1998.

AU: Weber, Karen Lynn Vincent.
TI: Twentieth-Century Texas Culture in Literature and Film.
IN: M.A., University of Houston—Clear Lake, 1998.
 

LINGUISTICS (2)

AU: Lopez, Daniel.
TI: Tohono O’odham Language Maintenance. [Focuses on potential loss of the language and suggests ways to maintain it.]
IN: M.A.,  Prescott College, 1998.

AU: Schudel, Emily Kay.
TI: Elicitation and Analysis of Nakoda Texts from Southern Saskatchewan.
IN: M.A., University of Regina (Canada), 1997.
 

MODERN LITERATURE (3)

AU: Staples, Joseph Perry.
TI: “In the Hands of Nature”: Remaking the Self in Novels by Marilynne Robinson, Margaret Atwood, and Linda Hogan.
IN: M.A., Utah State University, 1998.

AU: Weaver, Wendy Adena.
TI: Women’s Autobiographies of the Far North: A Critical Look at Their Place within Literary and Historical Traditions.
IN: M.A., University of Alaska Anchorage, 1997.

AU: Williams, Terra Ann.
TI: Matrilineaology: Mother-Daughter Relationships in Contemporary Fiction. [Includes studies of Erdrich’s The Beet Queen and Tan’s The Joy Luck Club.]
IN: M.A., University of Nevada, Las Vegas, 1999.
 

THEATER (2)

AU: Hill, Judith L.
TI: The Bloodhut: Echoes of Native American Storytelling in a Contemporary Women’s Performance Group.
IN: M.A., California State University, Dominguez Hills, 1999.

AU: Sattazahn, Lyn.
TI: Claiming Identity: The Effect of the American Myth on Human Relationships in David Mamet’s American Buffalo, Glengarry Glenn Ross,and Speed-the-Plow.
IN: M.A., University of Nevada, Las Vegas, 1999.
 

U.S. HISTORY (7)

AU: Billhimer, Ruth Kretzler.
TI: Pawns of Fate: Chinese/Paiute Intercultural Marriages, 1860-1920, Walker River Reservation, Schurz, Nevada.
IN: M.A., University of Nevada, Las Vegas, 1998.

AU: Bryan, Carol Lunn.
TI: Women Homesteaders of the Trans-Mississippi West: Who Were They?
IN: M.A., California State University, Fresno, 1998.

AU: Schilling, Ron Keith.
TI: Indians and Eagles: The Struggle against Orme Dam.
IN: M.A., Prescott College, 1998.

AU: Smith, Sean W.
TI: A Woman’s Role: Gender and the “Legitimate” Theater in Gold Rush San Francisco, 1848-1856.
IN: M.A., California State University, Long Beach, 1999.

AU: Van Hoak, Stephen P.
TI: Waccara’s Utes: Native American Equestrian Adaptations in the Eastern Great Basin, 1776-1886.
IN: M.A., University of Nevada, Las Vegas, 1998.

AU: Wagner, Leslie Alice Jones.
TI: Disputed Territory: Rio Grande/Rio Bravo Borderlands, 1838-1840.
IN: M.A., University of Texas at Arlington, 1998.

AU: White, Brooks.
TI: Galeyville, Arizona Territory, 1880: Its History and Historic Archaeology.
IN: M.A., Prescott College, 1998.
 
 

COMPLETED PH.D., ED.D., and
D.A. DISSERTATIONS    (TOTAL: 188)










AMERICAN LITERATURE (84)

AU: Al-Khaldi, Mubarak Rashed.
TI: Other Narratives: Representations of History in Four Postcolonial Native American Novels. [Focuses on Denton R. Bedford’s Tsali, James Welch’s Fools Crow, Louise Erdrich’s Tracks, and Linda Hogan’s Mean Spirit.]
IN: Ph.D., Ohio State University, 1998.

AU: Battaglia, John R.
TI: Zen, Taoism, and American Nature Writing: Spiritualism and Philosophy in Works by Aldo Leopold, Edward Abbey, Annie Dillard, and Wendell Berry.
IN: Ph.D., University of Kansas, 1998.

AU: Bauer, Joyce Merle.
TI: The West Is Not God’s New Garden of Paradise: Demythologizing the American West in the Hardboiled Detective Fiction of Tony Hillerman, Bernard Schopen, and James Crumley.
IN: Ph.D., University of Nevada, Reno, 1998.

AU: Beardslee, Karen Elizabeth.
TI: Folk-Whole: The Bond between Selfhood and Cultural Tradition in Contemporary American Literature. [Includes a discussion of Silko’s Ceremony.]
IN: Ph.D., Temple University, 1998.

AU: Bernardin, Susan Katherine.
TI: Naming the Nation: Race, Romance, and Ethnography in Foundational Native American and African-American Women’s Literature. [Focuses on works from the 1890s to the 1930s.]
IN: Ph.D., University of California, Santa Cruz, 1996.

AU: Bjornsson, Nina Gudrun.
TI: Aliens Within: Immigrants, the Feminine, and American National Narrative. [Includes a discussion of Cather’s My  Ántonia.]
IN: Ph.D., University of Arizona, 1999.

AU: Black, Ralph W.
TI: Coming to Terms with Nature: American Literature and the Ecological Imagination. [Examines, among others, works of Mary Austin.]
IN: Ph.D., New York University, 1999.

AU: Blakemore, Peter Ryan.
TI: Writing Home: Inhabitation and Imagination in American Literature.  [Includes discussions of Willa Cather, Vardis Fisher, and John Steinbeck.]
IN: Ph.D., University of Oregon, 1998.

AU: Blanton, Ira Yates, Jr.
TI: The Triumph of Tradition in Six Novels of Elmer Kelton, 1971-1998.
IN: Ph.D., Texas Tech University, 1999.

AU: Bouwman, Heather M.
TI: The Familiar Foreigner: English Colonists and American Indians Writing Each Other.
IN: Ph.D., University of Illinois at Urbana—Champaign, 1998.

AU: Budler, Laura J.
TI: Storytelling and Hostility to the Novel in Four Contemporary Native American Novels. [Novels discussed are Louise Erdrich’s Tracks, James Welch’s Winter in the Blood, Leslie Marmon Silko’s Ceremony, and N. Scott Momaday’s House Made of Dawn.]
IN: Ph.D., Northern Illinois University, 1998.

AU: Chapin, John Philip.
TI: Transforming Subjects: Readings of Toni Morrison, Judy Grahn, Leslie Feinberg, and Leslie Marmon Silko. [Includes a discussion of Silko’s Ceremony.]
IN: Ph.D., University of Nebraska—Lincoln, 1998.

AU: Chick, Nancy Leigh.
TI: Becoming Flower: Gender and Culture in Contemporary Ethnic American Women’s Literatures. [Includes discussions of Maxine Hong Kingston and Louise Erdrich, among others.]
IN: Ph.D., University of Georgia, 1998.

AU: Chow, Karen Har-Yen.
TI: Imagining Asian Americans: From Mono-ethnic to Transnational Community Identity in Asian American Literature and Film.
IN: Ph.D., University of California, Santa Barbara, 1998.

AU: Coleman, Robert Lloyd.
TI: The Rhetoric of American Fiction: Figures of Romance. [Identifies and discusses a representational paradigm in early nineteenth-century American fiction that he calls the “Indian-as-Orator topos.”]
IN: Ph.D., State University of New Jersey-New Brunswick, 1998.

AU: Colley, Rae Marie Carlton.
TI: Domesticating the Frontier: Representations of Native Americans in U.S. Women’s Prose, 1820-1885.
IN: Ph.D., Emory University, 1998.

AU: Collins, Caroline Wellman.
TI: Racial, Sexual, and Social Dynamics: The Comic Fiction of William Gilmore Simms, Mark Twain, and William Faulkner.
IN: Ph.D., University of Arkansas, 1998.

AU: Contreras, Sheila Marie.
TI: Blood Lines: Modernism, Indigenismo, and the Construction of Chicana/o Identity.
IN: Ph.D., University of Texas at Austin, 1998.

AU: Dowdle, Stephanie L.
TI: Tourists, Settlers, and Pioneers: Women and the Westward Movement. [Focuses on American women’s travel writings from 1830 to 1860.]
IN: Ph.D., Indiana University of Pennsylvania, 1999.

AU: Dreese, Donelle Nicole.
TI: Mapping the Terrains: Mythic, Psychic, and Environmental Reterritorializations of Self and Place in Contemporary American Poetry and Prose. [Includes a discussion of American Indian writers.]
IN: Ph.D., Indiana University of Pennsylvania, 1999.

AU: Elliott, Michael Arthur.
TI: From Race to Culture in Realist America. [Discusses replacing one interpretative paradigm—race—with another—culture—by juxtaposing the realist novels of William Dean Howells with late nineteenth-century writing about Native Americans.]
IN: Ph.D., Columbia University, 1998.

AU: Espinosa-Aguilar, Amanda L.
TI: Interpreting the Rhetoric of Anger in the Autobiographical Writing of Ethnic Americans. [Includes a discussion of Gloria Anzaldúa’s autobiographical writings.]
IN: Ph.D., University of Nevado, Reno, 1998.

AU: Ferens, Dominika.
TI: Edith and Winnifred Eaton: The Uses of Ethnography in Turn-of-the-Century Asian-American Literature.
IN: Ph.D., University of California, Los Angeles, 1998.

AU: Fresonke, Kristen Louise.
TI: West of Emerson: The Design of Manifest Destiny. [Discusses the impact of the Manifest Destiny concept on nineteenth-century writers.]
IN: Ph.D., University of California, Los Angeles, 1998.

AU: Frever, Trinna Suzanne.
TI: The Woman Writer and the Spoken Word: Gender, Print, Orality, and Selected Turn-of-the-Century American Women’s Literature. [Includes a discussion of Cather’s My Ántonia.]
IN: Ph.D., Michigan State University, 1998.

AU: Furbeck, Lee Foard.
TI: Captured by Indians: Manifestations of the Indian Captivity Narrative in the Early American Novel.
IN: Ph.D., University of Missouri—Columbia, 1998.

AU: Gaul, Theresa Strouth.
TI: A Native Tradition: Relocating the Indian in American Literature, 1820-1840.
IN: Ph.D., University of Wisconsin—Madison, 1998.

AU: Goade, Sally Ann.
TI: “And with the Land, Our Spirits So Blended:” Interrelated Frontier Quests of Self in Contemporary Historical Romance.  A Study of Rosanne Bittner’s Savage Destiny Series.
IN: D.A., Idaho State University, 1999.

AU: Gray, Timothy George.
TI: New Lyric Worlds: Gary Snyder’s Pacific Rim Communitas, 1930-1970.
IN: Ph.D., University of California, Santa Barbara, 1998.

AU: Harker, Jaime Lynn.
TI: America the Middlebrow: Fiction and Liberal Politics, 1920-1940. [One of the five writers examined is Steinbeck.]
IN: Ph.D., Temple University, 1998.

AU: Hill, Roberta Jean.
TI: Dr. Lillie Rosa Minoka-Hill: Mohawk Woman Physician. [Discusses, among other issues, the construction of American Indian identity.]
IN: Ph.D., University of Minnesota, 1998.

AU: Hines, Maude Elizabeth.
TI: Making Americans: National Fairy Tales and Fantasies of Transformations, 1865-1900. [Includes Mark Twain as one of the representative authors discussed.]
IN: Ph.D., Duke University, 1998.

AU: Holden, John Jacobs.
TI: The Land as Sacrament: Wendell Berry’s Prophetic Vision.
IN: Ph.D., University of Connecticut, 1998.

AU: Johnson, Elizabeth Marie Bourque.
TI: “As If It Were a Life’s Work”: Theorizing Maternal Practice in Contemporary Fiction and Poetry. [Authors include Louise Erdrich and Amy Tan.]
IN: Ph.D., University of Minnesota, 1998.

AU: Jordan, Tracey Sue.
TI: Braving New Worlds: Breed Fictions, Mixedblood Identities. [Places D’Arcy McNickle’s work within the context of other American Indian novelists.]
IN: Ph.D., Columbia University, 1999.
.
AU: Kessler, Elizabeth Ann Rodriguez.
TI: Language, Nature, Gender, and Sexuality: Theoretical Approaches to Chicana and Chicano Literature.
IN: Ph.D., University of Houston, 1998.

AU: Khaw-Posthuma, Bonnie Thuza.
TI: Unbinding the Feet: The Physical and Symbolic Representation of Bound Feet in Chinese-American Literature. [Includes a discussion of Maxine Hong Kingston’s The Woman Warrior and China Men.]
IN: Ph.D., Claremont Graduate University, 1998.

AU: Kinnison, Dana Kay.
TI: Defiant Landscapes: Space and Subjectivity in Early Twentieth-Century Women’s Farm Novels. [Includes a discussion of Willa Cather.]
IN: Ph.D., University of Missouri—Columbia, 1998.

AU: Ku, Ji-Song.
TI: The Spectacle of the Quotidian Ethnicity: The Ethnographic Imaginations of Mourning Dove, Carlos Bulosan, and Maxine Hong Kingston.
IN: Ph.D., City University of New York, 1998.

AU: Kwiatek, Deirdre Marisa.
TI: Playing Indian: A Consideration of Children’s Books by Native North Americans, 1900-1940.
IN: Ph.D., University of Toronto (Canada), 1998.

AU: LaChance, Leslie Marie.
TI: What the Grandchildren Learned: The Relationship between English and Indigenous Languages in North American Indian Autobiography.
IN: Ph.D., University of Tennessee, 1998.

AU: Liu, Hong.
TI: Representing the “Other”: Images of China and the Chinese in the Works of Jade Snow Wong, Maxine Hong Kingston, and Amy Tan.
IN: Ph.D., University of Toledo, 1998.

AU: Lundberg, Ann Elaine.
TI: Mapping the Geologic Wilderness: Science, Nature Writing and the American Self. [Includes a study of John Muir.]
IN: Ph.D., University of Notre Dame, 1999.

AU: Markel, Maureen.
TI: Violence, Resistance, and Myth in the Texts of Silko, Kingston, Mukherjee, and Erdrich.
IN: Ph.D., City University of New York, 1999.

AU: Matway, Elizabeth Berry.
TI: Uncertain Histories: Writing and Rewriting National Narratives of Progress on the U.S.-Mexican Frontier, 1830-1850.
IN: Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh, 1998.

AU: McCormick, Adrienne L.
TI: Practicing Poetry, Producing Theory: Op/positional Poetics in Contemporary Multi-ethnic American Poetries.
IN: Ph.D., University of Maryland—College Park, 1998.

AU: McIntire, Janice E.
TI: "Sivilizing" the Washoe Zephyr: Mark Twain’s Writing for the “Buffalo Express,” 1869-1871.
IN: Ph.D., University of Nevada, Las Vegas, 1998.

AU: Meisenheimer, Donald Keith, Jr.
TI: Uncovering the Western: The Politics of Rootedness in Twentieth-Century Western American Writing.
IN: Ph.D., University of Minnesota, 1999.

AU: Moore, Kathleen Muller.
TI: Visuality, Perception, and the Self in Works by Edith Wharton, Willa Cather, and Sarah Orne Jewett.
IN: Ph.D., University of California, Riverside, 1998.

AU: Moya, Paula Marie Lourdes.
TI: Learning from Experience: Politics, Epistemology, and Chicana/o Identity.
IN: Ph.D., Cornell University, 1998.

AU: Narusewicz, Peter Andrew.
TI: Rooted in the Land: Environmental Literature and Panoptic Discipline.
IN: Ph.D., Indiana University of Pennsylvania, 1999.

AU: O’Conner, Michael Levine.
TI: Mark Twain and the Missionary.
IN: Ph.D., University of Missouri—Columbia, 1997.

AU: Orr, Delilah Gayle.
TI: This Is about Healing: The Significance of the Feminine, Change, and Animal Lore. [Examines four contemporary Native American novels: James Welch’s Fools Crow,Leslie Marmon Silko’s Ceremony,N. Scott Momaday’s The Ancient Child,and Paula Gunn Allen’s The Woman Who Owned the Shadows.]
IN: Ph.D., Arizona State University, 1999.

AU: Palmer, Stephanie Candace.
TI: Thwarted Travelers: Region and Class in Late Nineteenth-Century American Literature. [Includes a discussion of Owen Wister’s The Virginian.]
IN: Ph.D., University of Michigan, 1998.

AU: Payne, Tonia L.
TI: “A heart that watches and receives”: Ursula Le Guin and the American Nature Writing Tradition.
IN: Ph.D., City University of New York, 1999.

AU: Perez, Domino Renee.
TI: Revitalizing the Legend: Manifestations and Cultural Readings of La Llorona in Contemporary Literature and Film. [Includes discussions of Gloria Anzaldúa and Sandra Cisneros.]
IN: Ph.D., University of Nebraska—Lincoln, 1998.

AU: Petree, Sandra Ailey.
TI: The Power of the Word: Self-inscription in the Journals of Nineteenth-Century Mormon Women.
IN: Ph.D., University of Arkansas, 1999.

AU: Philippon, Daniel Joseph.
TI:  Representing “Nature”: American Nature Writers and the Growth of Environmental Organizations, 1885-1985.
IN: Ph.D., University of Virginia, 1998.

AU: Port, Ruth Elizabeth.
TI: Women Writers and the Indian Problem in the Century of Dishonor.
IN: Ph.D., Northern Illinois University, 1999.

AU: Prchal, Timothy Ross.
TI: Make-Believe Reality: American Literary Realism and Its Original Readers. [Includes a discussion of Cather’s My Ántonia.]
IN: Ph.D., University of Wisconsin—Milwaukee, 1998.

AU: Rodriguez, Richard J.
TI: Representations of Childhood in Twain, Crane, and James.
IN: Ph.D., New York University, 1998.

AU: Rohman, Chad.
TI: Mark Twain, Epistemologist: Philosophical and Literary Dimensions of a Skeptical Mind.
IN: Ph.D., Bowling Green State University, 1998.

AU: Ryan, Ann Marie.
TI: Missing the Joke: Twain, Freud, and the Fate of Women’s Humor.
IN: Ph.D., University of Virginia, 1998.

AU: Schantz, Jeffry David.
TI: Shaping Captivity: Transformations of the Indian Captivity Narrative from the Seventeenth through the Nineteenth Century.
IN: Ph.D., Case Western Reserve University, 1998.

AU: Schimmoeller, Katrina Kathleen.
TI: Humor in the House: Wendell Berry, Rachel Carson, Edward Abbey, and Louise Erdrich. [Uses coyote stories, especially trickster coyote in Native American legends, to define humor as used by these authors, arguing that American nature writing provides a new direction for contemporary humor since nature writers are interested in recovering a moral interest in the land.]
IN: Ph.D., University of California, Davis, 1998.

AU: Shein, Debra Anne.
TI: “No Canada for Fugitive Wives”: Five Novels by Abigail Scott Duniway, Voice of Equal Rights (1834-1915). [Includes the complete texts of all five novels by this Idaho writer and early suffragette.]
IN: Ph.D., University of Oregon, 1998.

AU: Sligh, Gary Lee.
TI: Activism, Accommodation, and Autobiography: The Novels of Sophia Alice Callahan, Mourning Dove, and Ella Cara Deloria.
IN: Ph.D., Indiana University of Pennsylvania, 1998.

AU: Su, Karen Kai-Yuan.
TI: “Just Translating”: The Politics of Translation and Ethnography in Chinese-American Women’s Writing. [Includes discussions of Maxine Hong Kingston’s The Woman Warrior and Amy Tan’s The Joy Luck Club.]
IN: Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley, 1998.

AU: Sylwester, Mary Margaret.
TI: Between the Memory and the Dream of Home: Feminism and Geography in Women’s Westering Narratives, 1805-1905.
IN: Ph.D., University of Iowa, 1998.

AU: Talbot, Jill Lynn.
TI: This Is Not an Exit: The Road Narrative in Contemporary American Literature and Film. [Includes discussions of such authors as Jack Kerouac, John Steinbeck, David Seals, and William Least Heat-Moon.]
IN: Ph.D., Texas Tech University, 1999.

AU: Thomas, Kelly Lynn.
TI: Black Sheep: Representations of Poor Whites in American Literature and Culture. [Includes discussion of Steinbeck.]
IN: Ph.D., University of Michigan, 1998.

AU: Tisdale, Judy Jones.
TI: Positive Images of Capitalism in Western American Literature: Working Women in Selected Works by Willa Cather, Mary Hunter Austin, and Gertrude Atherton.
IN: Ph.D., University of North Carolina at Greensboro, 1999.

AU: Toland, Lewis V.
TI: Bittersweet Texas: A Literary Biography of Elmer Kelton.
IN: Ph.D., University of Kansas, 1997. 

AU: Venuto, Rochelle R.
TI: Indian Authorities: Race, Gender, and Empire in Mid-Nineteenth-Century US-Indian Narratives.
IN: Ph.D., University of California, Santa Cruz, 1998.

AU: Wallace, Karen Lynn.
TI: Myth and Metaphor, Archetype and Individuation: A Study in the Work of Louise Erdrich. [Focuses on Erdrich’s tetralogy: Love Medicine, The Beet Queen, Tracks,and The Bingo Palace.]
IN: Ph.D., University of California, Los Angeles, 1998.

AU: Wallmann, Jeffrey Miner.
TI: The Western: Parable of the American Dream. [Is a rhetorical study of popular western fiction.]
IN: Ph.D., University of Nevada, Reno, 1998.

AU: Ward, Samantha Jayne.
TI: Reddening the Hearts and Minds: The Frontier Myth and American Identity in Vietnam War Literature. [Traces a chronological progression through films and novels of the American soldier’s identification with the cowboy stereotype at the beginning of the war to an identification with the Indian stereotype in the war’s aftermath.]
IN: Ph.D., University of Oklahoma, 1999.

AU: Waters, Patricia.
TI: Mr. Jefferson’s Literary Pursuit of the West: The Journals of Lewis and Clark.
IN: Ph.D., University of Tennessee, 1998.

AU: White, Heather Case.
TI: Dazzling Clarity: Figures of Style in Marianne Moore, Willa Cather, and Elizabeth Bishop.
IN: Ph.D., Cornell University, 1998.

AU: Williamson, Eric Miles.
TI: Canon Fodder: Jack London and the Conflicting Aesthetics of a Poor Boy Done Good.
IN: Ph.D., New York University, 1998.

AU: Wilson, Jane Elizabeth.
TI: Women Writers of the American Plains: Willa Cather, Mari Sandoz, and Tillie Olsen.
IN: Ph.D., University of Georgia, 1999.

AU: Witschi, Nicolas S.
TI: Landscape Matters: Natural Resources and the Claim to Realism in Western American Literature. [Includes studies of western authors Mary Austin, Dame Shirley, Bret Harte, John Muir, Frank Norris, and Raymond Chandler.]
IN: Ph.D., University of Oregon, 1998.

AU: Wyss, Hilary E.
TI: Captivity and Christianity: Narrating Christian Indian Identity, 1643-1829.
IN: Ph.D., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1998.

AU: Zhu, Li.
TI: Willa Cather and the American Idiom.
IN: Ph.D., Marquette University, 1998.
 

AMERICAN STUDIES (8)

AU: Cormier, Steve Thomas.
TI: “Times Were Not Easy”: A History of New Mexico Ranching and Its Culture, 1900-1960.
IN: Ph.D., University of New Mexico, 1998.

AU: Darcy, Yvonne M.
TI: Alice Lowe Bullock: The Life and Work of a Santa Fe Author, 1904 to 1986.
IN: Ph.D., University of New Mexico, 1998.

AU: Hanson, Randel Dean.
TI: From Environmental Bads to Economic Goods: Marketing Nuclear Waste to American Indians.
IN: Ph.D., University of Minnesota, 1998.

AU: Lamb, Mary Beth.
TI: First Contact: Swiss Benedictine Sisters at Standing Rock Missions in a Cross-Cultural Frame, 1881-1890. [Focuses on contact with Lakota/Nakota in late nineteenth century.]
IN: Ph.D., Graduate Theological Union, 1998.

AU: Pulsipher, John David.
TI: The Americanization of Monogamy: Mormons, Native Americans, and the Nineteenth-Century Perception That Polygamy Was a Threat to Democracy.
IN: Ph.D., University of Minnesota, 1999.

AU: Rees, Amanda.
TI: Envisioning the Great Plains: Contemporary Narratives of the Landscape. [Includes examinations of works by Walter Prescott Webb, Carl Kraenzel, Mari Sandoz, and Donald Worster.]
IN: Ph.D., University of Kansas, 1998.

AU: Schauffler, Florence Marina.
TI: Turning to Earth: Paths to an Ecological Practice. [Is an interdisciplinary study that focuses on six authors: Edward Abbey, Rachel Carson, N. Scott Momaday, Scott Russell Sanders, Alice Walker, and Terry Tempest Williams.]
IN: Ph.D., University of New Hampshire, 1998.

AU: Zmijewski, David Joseph.
TI: Huck Finn and Hawaii: A Study of Hawaiian Influence on the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
IN: Ph.D., University of Hawaii, 1998.
 

ANTHROPOLOGY, ARCHAEOLOGY (3)

AU: Dublin, Susan Ann.
TI:  Frontier Landscapes, Residential Mobility and the Archaeology of Place at Lower Pescado Village, Zuni, New Mexico.
IN: Ph.D., City University of New York, 1998.

AU: Short, Susan Alice.
TI: When the Animals Still Danced: Animal Images in Mimbres Pottery and Petroglyphs.
IN: Ph.D., University of Minnesota, 1998.

AU: Wade, Maria Fáima.
TI: The Native Americans of the Texas Edwards Plateau and Related Areas: 1582-1799.
IN: Ph.D., University of Texas at Austin, 1998.
 

ART HISTORY (2)

AU: Dorrill, Lisa Kathryn.
TI: Picturing the Dirty Thirties: Paintings and Prints of the Dust Bowl.
IN: Ph.D., University of Kansas, 1998.

AU: Langford, Martha.
TI: Suspended Conversations: Private Photographic Albums in the Public Collection of the McCord Museum of Canadian History.
IN: Ph.D., McGill University (Canada), 1997.
 

CINEMA(3)

AU: Gagnon, Monika Kin.
TI: Race-ing Disney: Race and Culture in the Disney Universe.
IN: Ph.D., Simon Fraser University (Canada), 1998.

AU: Kearns, Cimberli Ann.
TI: Making Violence Matter: The Crime Thrillers and Westerns of Anthony Mann.
IN: Ph.D., Indiana University, 1999.

AU: Sickels, Robert Charles.
TI: Once It Was a Wilderness: Agrarian Dreams, Urban Realities, and the Myth of American Pastoralism in the Films of John Ford’s Major Cycle.
IN: Ph.D., University of Nevada, Reno, 1999.
 

COMPARATIVE LITERATURE (9)

AU: Bissett, LaRell.
TI: Indigenous Mexican and Native American Novelists: A Comparative Stylistic Study of Their Worldviews. [Mexican authors examined are Gregorio López y Fuentes, Agustin Yáñez, Juan Rulfo, Rosario Castellanos, and Carlos Fuentes.  Native American authors include D’Arcy McNickle, N. Scott Momaday, Leslie Marmon Silko, Louise Erdrich, James Welch, Gerald Vizenor, and Louis Owens.]
IN: Ph.D., University of Texas at Dallas, 1999.

AU: De Castro, Juan Enrique.
TI: Nation, Race, and Heterogeneity in the Literature of the Americas. [Includes a discussion of Gloria Anzaldúa’s and Richard Rodriguez’s writings.]
IN: Ph.D., University of Southern California, 1998.

AU: Deringer, Josef Ludwig.
TI: The Pacific Northwest from Beginnings to the Present: Comparative Studies in Canadian and American Literature between Regionalism and Universality.
IN: Dr.phil.ha., Katholische Universität Eichstatt (Germany), 1992.

AU: Fauth, Norienne Courtney.
TI: Excavating the Past: (Re)writing Continuity in Postcolonial Native American and Jamaican Literature. [Includes studies of D’Arcy McNickle’s Wind from an Enemy Sky and Linda Hogan’s Solar Storms.]
IN: Ph.D., University of California, San Diego, 1999.

AU: Fitzpatrick, Kristin Lynn.
TI: What She Carries with Her: Gender and American National Identity in Nineteenth-Century Women’s Travel Narratives.
IN: Ph.D., University of Washington, 1999.

AU: Heredia, Juanita Isabel.
TI: Latina Writers in the United States: At the Borderlands of a Pan-American Boom. [Includes a study of, among others, Sandra Cisneros.]
IN: Ph.D., University of California, Los Angeles, 1998.

AU: Idini, Antonio Giovanni.
TI: Detecting Colonialism: Detective Fiction in Native American and Sardinian Literatures.
IN: Ph.D., University of Arizona, 1998.

AU: Khader, Jamil Yusef.
TI: Cartographies of Dislocation: Postcolonialism, Transnationalism, and Third World Feminisms. [Includes a discussion of Louise Erdrich’s works.]
IN: Ph.D., Pennsylvania State University, 1998.

AU: Roe, Mileta.
TI: Talking Books: Storytelling in New World Narratives. [Includes a discussion of Silko’s Ceremony.]
IN: Ph.D., Brandeis University, 1999.
 

CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY (20)

AU: Bell, Genevieve.
TI: Telling Stories Out of School: Remembering the Carlisle Indian Industrial School, 1879-1918.
IN: Ph.D., Stanford University, 1998.

AU: Bonhomme, Steve M.
TI: Written-off: The “Indian” in Ethnographic Text. [Traces the tradition and ideological functions of romantic naturalism in ethnographic accounts.]
IN: Ph.D., York University (Canada), 1998.

AU: Buffalohead, Eric Lee.
TI: The Life Story of a Dakota Man. [Examines the life history of an urban Dakota Indian over the course of the second half of the twentieth century when urbanization of American Indians was just beginning.]
IN: Ph.D., University of Minnesota, 1999.

AU: Davidson, Jill Dee.
TI: Prayer-songs to Our Elder Brother: Native American Church Songs of the Otoe-Missouria and Ioway.
IN: Ph.D., University of Missouri—Columbia, 1997.

AU: Dubin, Margaret Denise.
TI: Collecting Native America: The Culture of an Art World.
IN: Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley, 1998.

AU: Duggan, Betty Jean.
TI: Being Cherokee in a White World: The Ethnic Persistence of a Post-Removal American Indian Enclave.
IN: Ph.D., University of Tennessee, 1998.

AU: Fornas, Leander.
TI: Some Approaches to Improving Cree Language and Culture Retention.
IN: Ed.D., University of Massachusetts, 1998.

AU: Jackson, Deborah Davis.
TI: “Our Elders Lived It”: American Indian Identity and Community in a Deindustrializing City.
IN: Ph.D., University of Michigan, 1998.

AU: Lambert, Valerie Long.
TI: The Fall and Rise of the Oklahoma Choctaw Nation: Corporate Discontinuities, Socio-Political Indeterminacies and Shifting Ethnicities in America’s Heartland.
IN: Ph.D., Harvard University, 1999.

AU: Marr, Gerald William.
TI: Conversations with Richard G. Newton: The Life Story of “Klgak’eesh,” a Tlingit Elder.
IN: Ph.D., University of Oregon, 1998.

AU: Mathewson, Margaret Susan.
TI: The Living Web: Contemporary Expressions of California Indian Basketry.
IN: Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley, 1998.

AU: Moretti-Langholtz, Danielle.
TI: Other Names I Have Been Called: Political Resurgence among Virginia Indians in the Twentieth Century.
IN: Ph.D., University of Oklahoma, 1998.

AU: MorningStorm, Jeffery Boyd.
TI: American Indian Warriors Today.
IN: Ph.D., University of Arizona, 1998.

AU: Murray, Dail Mershon.
TI: The Extraordinary World of Joe Washington: The Oral Narratives of a Coast Salish Indian Philosopher.
IN: Ph.D., University of Wisconsin—Madison, 1998.

AU: Ramirez, Renya Katarine.
TI: Healing through Grief: Native Americans Re-Imagining Culture, Community, and Citizenship in San Jose, California.
IN: Ph.D., Stanford University, 1999.

AU: Smith-Ferri, Sherri Ann.
TI: Weaving a Tradition: Pomo Indian Baskets from 1850 through 1996.
IN: Ph.D., University of Washington, 1998.

AU: Stevens, Robert Henry.
TI: American Indian and Indigenous Peoples’ Sovereignty and Authority in Cultural, Historical, and Environmental Studies: Developing Cooperative Research for Resource Management, Repatriation, and Education.
IN: Ph.D., University of California, Irvine, 1998.

AU: Tweedie, Ann Michelle.
TI: “Drawing Back Culture”: The Makah Tribe’s Struggle to Implement the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act.
IN: Ph.D., Harvard University, 1999.

AU: Webb-Storey, Anna JoLee.
TI: Culture Clash: A Case Study of Three Osage Native American Families.
IN: Ed.D., Oklahoma State University, 1998.

AU: Williams, Randy Hugh.
TI: Ethnohistory of a Fur Trade Community: Life at Fort Clark Fur Trade Post, 1830-1860.
IN: Ph.D., University of Missouri—Columbia, 1998.
 

GEOGRAPHY(1)

AU: Sadowski-Smith, Claudia.
TI: Transnational Bordercrossings: Rethinking Borderlands in a Globalized World.
IN: Ph.D., University of Delaware, 1998.
 

LINGUISTICS (1)

AU: Field, Margaret C. 
TI: Maintenance of Indigenous Ways of Speaking despite Language Shift: Language Socialization in a Navajo Preschool.
IN: Ph.D., University of California, Santa Barbara, 1998.
 

MODERN LITERATURE (5)

AU: Detore-Nakamura, Joanne Lee.
TI: From Victim to Victor: The Friendship Plot in Contemporary Women’s Novels. [Includes a discussion of works by Louise Erdrich and Amy Tan, among others.]
IN: Ph.D., Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, 1998.

AU: Flores, Elizabeth.
TI: Chicana Testimonio and Autobiography: Memory, Representation, and Identity in Lucas, Ruiz, Moraga, and Anzaldúa.
IN: Ph.D., Arizona State University, 1999.

AU: Smedshammer, Michael Oren.
TI: Modern Writers in New Mexico: Charles Lummis, Oliver La Farge, D. H. Lawrence, Willa Cather, and the Quest for Purpose and Place in the Southwest.
IN: Ph.D., University of New Mexico, 1998.

AU: Spaulding, Lisa Marie.
TI: Undermining Landscape, Gender, and Indigenous Peoples in Contemporary North American Great Plains Literature.
IN: Ph.D., University of Nebraska—Lincoln, 1998.

AU: Yukman, Lidia.
TI: Allegories of Violence: Tracing the Writing of War in Twentieth-Century Fiction. [Includes a discussion of Leslie Marmon Silko’s Almanac of the Dead.]
IN: Ph.D., University of Oregon, 1998.
 

RHETORIC AND COMPOSITION (3)

AU: Chiaviello, Anthony Robert.
TI: Narrative, Metaphor, and Fantasy Themes in Environmental Rhetoric: Critiquing a Livestock-Grazing Conflict in the American West.
IN: Ph.D., New Mexico State University, 1998.

AU: McKinney, Smokey.
TI: Words and Spaces: A Story of an American Indian in the Academy.
IN: Ph.D., Iowa State University, 1998.

AU: Powell, Malea Dawn.
TI: “I Write These Words with Blood and Bones”: Two Nineteenth-Century American Indian Intellectuals and a Rhetoric of Survivance. [Focuses on the works of Sarah Winnemucca Hopkins and Charles Alexander Eastman.]
IN: Ph.D., Miami University, 1998.
 

UNITED STATES HISTORY (48)

AU: Alton, Thomas L.
TI: Federal Policy and Alaska Native Languages since 1867.
IN: Ph.D., University of Alaska Fairbanks, 1998.

AU: Bennett, Lyn Ellen.
TI: Living on the Edge: Families in Crisis in Nineteenth-Century Kansas.
IN: Ph.D., University of Kansas, 1996.

AU: Betty, Gerald Louis.
TI: Comanche Society, 1706-1850.
IN: Ph.D., Arizona State University, 1999.

AU: Bolton, Conevery Anne.
TI: “The Health of the Country”: Body and Environment in the Making of the American West, 1800-1860.
IN: Ph.D., Harvard University, 1998.

AU: Brandt, Kenneth Kurtis.
TI: A Textual Study of Jack London’s “Martin Eden.”
IN: Ph.D., Florida State University, 1998.

AU: Breashears, Margaret Herbst.
TI: An Analysis of Status: Women in Texas, 1860-1920.
IN: Ph.D., University of North Texas, 1999.

AU: Carrigan, William Dean.
TI: Between South and West: Race, Violence, and Power in Central Texas, 1836-1916.
IN: Ph.D., Emory University, 1999.

AU: Casas, María Raquél.
TI: “In Consideration of His Being Married to a Daughter of the Land”: Interethnic Marriages in Alta, California, 1825-1875.
IN: Ph.D., Yale University, 1998.

AU: Chavez, Miroslava.
TI: Mexican Women and the American Conquest of Los Angeles: From the Mexican Era to American Ascendancy.
IN: Ph.D., University of California, Los Angeles, 1998.

AU: Clemmons, Linda Marie.
TI: Satisfied to Walk in the Ways of Their Fathers: Dakotas and Protestant Missionaries, 1835-1862.
IN: Ph.D., University of Illinois at Urbana—Champaign, 1998.

AU: Cristy, Raphael James.
TI: Charles M. Russell: The Storyteller’s Art.  Crafting Historical Legends of the American West.
IN: Ph.D., University of New Mexico, 1999.

AU: DiDonato, Gail Lorna.
TI: Cattle, Environment, and Economic Change: A History of Cherry County, Nebraska’s Cattle Industry, from Earliest Times to 1940.
IN: Ph.D., University of Nebraska—Lincoln, 1998.

AU: Doherty, Amy Frances.
TI: Reading American Self-Fashioning: Cosmopolitanism in the Fiction of María Cristina Mena, Willa Cather, and Nella Larsen. [Includes a study of Cather’s Song of the Lark.]
IN: Ph.D., Tufts University, 1998.

AU: Entz, Gary R.
TI: Paradise on the Plains: The Development of Cooperative Alternatives in Kansas, 1850-1900.
IN: Ph.D., University of Utah, 1999.

AU: Firkus, Angela Jo.
TI: Native Americans and the Wisconsin Cooperative Extension Service, 1910-1940.
IN: Ph.D., Purdue University, 1998.

AU: Flynn, Sean Joseph.
TI: Living History: John L. McCarty and the Texas Panhandle.
IN: Ph.D., Texas Tech University, 1999.

AU: Gisel, Bonnie Johanna.
TI: Into the Sun: Jeanne C. Carr.  A Woman’s Experience in Nature and Wilderness in Nineteenth-Century America.
IN: Ph.D., Drew University, 1998.

AU: Hannan, Christopher William.
TI: “After This Time of Trouble and War”: Crisis and Continuity in the New England Anglo-Indian Community, 1660-1725.
IN: Ph.D., Boston College, 1999.

AU: Heaton, John William.
TI: Power and Identity: The Emergence of a Shoshone-Bannock Community at Fort Hall, 1867-1939.
IN: Ph.D., Arizona State University, 1999.

AU: Hirschmann, Erik Theodore.
TI: Empires in the Land of the Trickster: Russians, Tlingit, Pomo, and Americans on the Pacific Rim, Eighteenth Century to 1910s.
IN: Ph.D., University of New Mexico, 1999.

AU: Jolly, Michelle Elizabeth.
TI: Inventing the City: Gender and the Politics of Everyday Life in Gold-Rush San Francisco, 1848-1869.
IN: Ph.D., University of California, San Diego, 1998.

AU: Kellogg, Deren Earl.
TI: The Lincoln Administration and the Southwestern Territories.
IN: Ph.D., University of Illinois at Urbana—Champaign, 1998.

AU: Kropp, Phoebe Schroeder.
TI: “All Our Yesterdays”: The Spanish Fantasy Past and the Politics of Public Memory in Southern California, 1884-1939.
IN: Ph.D., University of California, San Diego, 1999.

AU: Lamont, Victoria Elizabeth.
TI: Writing on the Frontier: Western Novels by Women, 1880-1920. [Authors studied include Mary Hallock Foote, Frances McElrath, B. M. Bower, and Mourning Dove.]
IN: Ph.D., University of Alberta (Canada), 1998.

AU: Lee, Erika.
TI: At America’s Gates: Chinese Immigration during the Exclusion Era, 1882-1943.
IN: Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley, 1998.

AU: Lemberger, Matthew Simon “Levi.”
TI: Using the American Novels of the Mexican American War to Determine Racial Stereotypes and National Myths of the 1840s.
IN: D.A., University of Miami, 1993.

AU: Lowman, Michael Ray.
TI: College Textbooks on the American West: 1910-1997. [Analyzes textbooks during this time frame in terms of the historiographical thinking of each era.]
IN: D.A., Middle Tennessee State University, 1998.

AU: Lynn-Sherow, Bonnie.
TI: Ordering the Elements: An Environmental History of West Central Oklahoma, 1889-1914.
IN: Ph.D., Northwestern University, 1998.

AU: McKeen, Catherine A.
TI: Henry Beebee Carrington: A Soldier’s Tale. [Discusses Carrington’s role as commander of Fort Philip Kearny during the “Fetterman Massacre” of 1866, the worst defeat suffered by the Western frontier army until Custer’s defeat at Little Big Horn in 1876.]
IN: Ph.D., State University of New York at Stony Brook, 1998.

AU: McLemore, Laura Lyons.
TI: Creating a Mythistory: Texas Historians in the Nineteenth Century.
IN: Ph.D., University of North Texas, 1998.

AU: Medina, Lara.
TI: Las Hermanas: Chicana/Latina Religious-Political Activism, 1971-1997.
IN: Ph.D., Claremont Graduate University, 1998.

AU: Nichols, Jeffrey Donald.
TI: Prostitution and Polygamy: The Contest over Morality in Salt Lake City, 1847-1918.
IN: Ph.D., University of Utah, 1998.

AU: O’Brien, Warren Gregory.
TI: Choctaws in a Revolutionary Age: A Study of Power and Authority, 1750-1801.
IN: Ph.D., University of Kentucky, 1998.

AU: Pearson, Byron Eugene.
TI: People above Scenery: The Struggle over the Grand Canyon Dams, 1963-1968.
IN: Ph.D., University of Arizona, 1998.

AU: Pitti, Stephen Joseph.
TI: Quicksilver Community: Mexican Migrations and Politics in the Santa Clara Valley, 1800-1960. [Explores ideologies of race based in white settlers’ notions of American Manifest Destiny.]
IN: Ph.D., Stanford University, 1998.

AU: Rand, Jacki Thompson.
TI: Negotiating the “New Country”: The Cultural Politics of Exchange in the Kiowa, Comanche, and Apache Reservation and Allotment Periods, 1867-1910.
IN: Ph.D., University of Oklahoma, 1998.

AU: Reed, Annette Louise.
TI: Neeyu nn’ee min’ nngheehilh naach’aaghitlhni: Lhla’t’i deeni tr’vmdan’ natlhsri. Rooted in the Land of Our Ancestors, We Are Strong: A Tolowa History.
IN: Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley, 1999.

AU: Reynolds, Jack Walker.
TI: Carey Mission: Protestant Missionaries and Native Americans on the Indiana-Michigan Frontier.
IN: Ph.D., Indiana University, 1998.

AU: Shaw, Rachel Dayton.
TI: Evolving Ecoscape: An Environmental and Cultural History of Palm Springs, California, and the Agua Caliente Indian Reservation, 1877-1939.
IN: Ph.D., University of California, San Diego, 1999.

AU: Sheahan, Mary Theresa.
TI: Living on the Edge: The Ecology and Economy of Willa Cather’s “Wild Land”: Webster County, Nebraska, 1870-1900.
IN: Ph.D., Northern Illinois University, 1999.

AU: Smoak, Gregory Ellis.
TI: Ghost Dances and Identity: Ethnogenesis and Racial Identity among Shoshones and Bannocks in the Nineteenth Century.
IN: Ph.D., University of Utah, 1999.

AU: Stephenson, Robert Scott.
TI: With Swords and Plowshares: British and American Military Society in the Trans-Alleghany West, 1754-1774.
IN: Ph.D., University of Virginia, 1998.

AU: Stott, William Ross, III.
TI: The Delight at the Heart of Creation: Play and Semiotics in Ecocriticism and American Nature Writing.
IN: Ph.D., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1998.

AU: Sturgis, Amy Halleen.
TI: From Aniyuwiya to Indian Territory: Cherokee Civilization, 1500-1839.
IN: Ph.D., Vanderbilt University, 1998.

AU: Tanner, Louis Edward.
TI: Owen Wister: The Public Intellectual.
IN: Ph.D., University of New Mexico, 1999.

AU: Thomas, Jeffery Allen.
TI: Promoting the Southwest: Edgar L. Hewett, Anthropology, Archaeology, and the Santa Fe Style.
IN: Ph.D., Texas Tech University, 1999.

AU: Trotta, Cathy Ann.
TI: Crossing Cultural Boundaries: Heinrich and Martha Moser Voth in the Hopi Pueblos, 1893-1906.
IN: Ph.D., Northern Arizona University, 1997.

AU: Wolar, Glynn Gary.
TI: The Conceptualization and Development of Pedestrian Recreational Wilderness Trails in the American West, 1890-1940: A Landscape History.
IN: Ph.D., University of Idaho, 1998.
 

WOMEN'S STUDIES (1)

AU: LaFriniere, Melody.
TI: Cultural Influences on Body Image Perception of Native American Women.
IN: Ph.D., University of North Dakota, 1998.

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